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Prevention

Earthquake-resistant construction
The most important prevention measures relate to engineering design features to protect buildings against earthquake forces. This is usually regulated by national building codes. The most common regulations focus on this, i.e. the primary aim is to ensure structural stability whilst accepting that some property damage may occur.
In the new generation of building codes, on the other hand, like those in the United States, Japan, and New Zealand, which adhere to the principle of performance-based design, emphasis is also laid on the criterion of reducing property damage. Unlike engineering measures, solutions based on land-use planning – like the selection of appropriate sites or the designation of municipal development zones with a view to avoiding highly exposed areas – are often ignored.

Emergency plans and disaster preparedness
Emergency plans at local, provincial, or state level are a further important component of disaster preparedness. These primarily focus on coordinating loss minimisation measures and disaster relief operations for the benefit of all concerned. They also include preventive public relations campaigns, disaster response exercises, and special training.


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