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© Art Judd Foundation. Licensed by VAGA, NY / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2018<br/>    Picture: Bruchhaus/Lachenmann, Munich<br />

Donald Judd

Born 1928 in Excelsior Springs, USA
Died 1994 in New York, USA

Untitled (from "Woodcuts in cadmium red"), 1962/79

Colour woodcut
53 x 74 cm

Donald Judd is one of the foremost representatives of minimal art. He began his artistic work as a painter, and by 1955 had moved from figurative to abstract painting, but then renounced painting altogether. From then on, Judd developed three-dimensional structures in concrete, basic geometric forms, seeking something that was neither painting nor sculpture, always intent on reduction and clarity of form. His works were to reflect a quality independent of the artist – without emotion or expression, without any illusion, metaphor or symbolism. Judd built boxes of wood, later of metal, and positioned them in space without a pedestal. He created groups of cubes and blocks, which he conceived as wall pieces. These simple, often basic, geometric structures, "primary structures", can be found in Judd's work in serial repetition.

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