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Plant Guide

Lifting

Accessories for lifting (Lifting Tackle)

Accessories for lifting (Lifting Tackle)

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Axle Stands

Axle Stands

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER

Block (Electric)

Block (Electric)

Electric blocks can be either fixed, travelling or hung from a separate trolley and are used extensively in industry. The hoist can be rope or chain, and mainly range in capacity from ¼ ton to 10 ton.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Block (Pneumatic)

Block (Pneumatic)

Pneumatic blocks are similar in appearance to electric blocks. The hoist can be rope or chain and is powered by air cylinders or air motors.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Blocks and Winches (Manual)

Blocks and Winches (Manual)

Whilst several types and sizes are to be found, they are commonly manufactured as triple-geared or the ratchet type. They can be used for different applications during construction or maintenance work. Many are used at a fixed location. The triple gear type are extensively used in factories as lifting machines hooked on to manual trolleys and supported by runway tracks.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Boat Mover and Boat Hoist

Blocks and Winches (Manual)

A typical device found at a boatyard for the movement of boats between the water's edge and dry dock/repair facilities.

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER

Breakdown Crane

Blocks and Winches (Manual)

These cranes are used for transporting broken down vehicles with the smaller ones used for cars and the larger ones used for buses, trucks etc.

They can be specially built or use a crane mounted on the back of a truck with either hydraulic or wire rope operation.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Builders Platform Hoist

Builders Platform Hoist

These hoists are used on building/construction sites to convey materials/site workers up to the higher levels, and can be extended as the building is erected. They comprise a mast fixed onto the building or scaffolding, and use a platform when operated as a goods lift, or a cage with a door when used to transport persons. They can be petrol, diesel or electrically driven and have a rope or rack and pinion lifting arrangement.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Bulldozer

Bulldozer

Bulldozers can be purpose-made machines or shovels fitted with a blade attachment. They are basically a crawler-mounted diesel powered tractor and can be extremely large. These days, the use of a true bulldozer is limited.

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER

Cantilever Crane

Cantilever Crane

These cranes are usually found in shipyards where they serve the slipways where ships are built. They are usually electrically powered and can be either fixed or mounted on rails. They typically use a main and auxiliary hoist unit and are generally custom-built to serve a specific purpose.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Container Transporter Crane

Container Transporter Crane

These cranes are found in two main areas; docksides and inland container bases (such as railway goods yards, etc). They are basically an electric overhead crane on legs fitted with rail wheels and instead of a lifting hook, they have a container lifting frame. Either one or both ends of the crane track are cantilevered in order that the wagons or train rolling stock can pass underneath. This allows them to work over a larger area.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Crawler Crane (Diesel)

Crawler Crane (Diesel)

These cranes are mainly used on construction sites and large engineering projects. Originally designed as an excavator, their main use has changed over the years and they are now commonly used as cranes. They range in capacity from small 50 ton units with special rigging arrangements and attachments, to 1,500 ton. All machines have lattice construction jibs which typically range in length from 30 to 300 feet and are fitted with main and auxiliary hoists.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Davit

Crawler Crane (Diesel)

A manual jib crane with a radius formed jib, often fitted with a a hoist block. These are mainly found in boat yards and small wharves.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Derrick Type Tower Crane

Derrick Type Tower Crane

These cranes are similar to a saddle type tower crane and are usually rail-mounted. Instead of a fixed jib, the jib is arranged to move up and down and in this way, the radius is altered. Unlike the saddle type, the crane does not have a counter weight to balance the main jib. Capacities, mast heights and jib lengths are much the same as a saddle type tower crane.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Dock Levellers

Derrick Type Tower Crane

Dock levellers are designed to accommodate a wide variety of vehicle tailboard heights at loading docks. Modern units take one of two forms, either pneumatic or hydraulic. Our example referenced here is a hydraulic scissors lift where the lift acts as a platform which is loaded at one height and then moved to the new height for unloading. There are also hinged plate dock levellers where the inner edge is hinged, and the outer edge is free to move under power to adjust for the difference in heights.

 

Appropriate Legislation:

 

Dragline Excavator (Diesel)

Dragline Excavator (Diesel)

This is similar to a diesel crawler crane but rigged and used as a dragline excavator, which means the hook is replaced by a dragline bucket and the auxiliary hoist drum is used for the dragging rope. Capacities and jib lengths are generally the same as a diesel crawler crane and typical uses would dredging or excavating a gravel pit.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Dumper Truck

Dragline Excavator (Walking)

Small versions are used mainly in the construction industry for transporting earth, sand, ballast, etc. The larger versions have capacities up to 120 cu yd and are used on open cast sites and quarries.

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER

Electric Magnet

Electric Magnet

Often used to move scrap steel from one place to another on construction sites and in scrapyards. The large iron disc is not a permanent magnet. The crane operator lowers the electromagnet into a pile of scrap steel and then switches on the electricity. This causes the steel disc to become magnetised, attracting scrap steel to the disc. When the operator switches off the electricity, the scrap steel falls away.

 

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER



Engine Crane

Engine Crane

These are used extensively in factories and car repairers and are usually hydraulically operated. The hook is directly attached to the jib but some of the older types are fitted with a manual chain or rope winch.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Escalator

Floating Crane

Floating Crane

A type of sea vessel with a crane mounted on it, these are mainly used for offshore construction, salvage and wreck removal operations. They have the ability to lift and manoeuvre extremely heavy and large sub-assemblies into position, making it possible to assemble large projects from many smaller assemblies in most weather conditions.



Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Fork Lift Truck (Reach)

Fork Lift Truck (Reach)

These trucks are normally used in storage areas where palletised items require stacking. The trucks are usually battery powered with an average capacity of 5000 lbs.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Fork Lift Truck (Rough Terrain)

Fork Lift Truck (Rough Terrain)

As the name implies, these trucks are used on uneven surfaces and have greater ground clearance than normal fork lift trucks. The wheels are fitted with tractor-type tyres to give the truck better grip on rough and soft ground. These trucks are mainly used on construction sites.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Fork Lift Truck (Sideloader)

Fork Lift Truck (Sideloader)

These trucks differ from standard fork lift trucks, with the mast fitted to the side instead of the front of the machine. The mast is mounted centrally between two platforms where it rests the load whilst the truck is in motion. The trucks are mainly used for lifting and transporting long bulky items such as a stack of timber, with the larger trucks being used for moving shipping containers.

 

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Fork Lift Truck (Counterbalanced)

Fork Lift Truck (Telescopic)

These are used extensively in industry, with capacities varying from small 1 ton machines to very large machines having capacities up to 40 tons. The larger machines are mainly used for container handling. They can be powered by electric, gas or diesel.

 

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Goliath Crane (Goliath)

Dragline Excavator (Diesel)

These cranes consist of a cross beam or beams mounted on legs with rail wheels at the bottom. The largest can have capacities of around 1,000 ton with a 500-foot lift height. They are usually found in shipyards, spanning the building dock. All are electrically powered, either from a trailing cable or from their own diesel generator, and are normally found outdoors.

 

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Goliath Cranes (Semi-Goliath)

Goliath and Semi-Goliath Cranes

These cranes consist of a cross beam or beams mounted on legs with rail wheels at the bottom. The largest can have capacities of around 1, 000 ton with a 500 foot lift height. They are usually found in shipyards, spanning the building dock.  All are electrically powered, either from a trailing cable or from their own diesel generator, and are normally found outdoors. Smaller versions are to be found in steel yards (stockholders). As the name implies, semi-goliath cranes only have one leg - the other end of the beam is mounted high on a single crane gantry track.

 

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Grabbing Crane

Grabbing Crane

These cranes are usually track-mounted and are used for unloading gravel barges/ships on small wharfs, unloading grain ships and loading trucks in quarries.

 

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Grabs

Grabs

Grabs take the place of the lifting hook and are usually found on cranes that work outdoors. They can also be found on electric overhead travelling cranes used for charging furnaces in foundries.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Hydraulic Scissor Lift

Hydraulic Scissor Lift

These can be found in garages and showrooms.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Hydraulic Excavator (360 Degree)

Hydraulic Excavator (360 Degree)

These machines can be wheeled or mounted on crawler tracks and the superstructure can slew through 360 degrees. All are diesel driven and are mainly used on construction sites and quarries. Capacities typically range from ¾ cu yd to 5 cu yd. These machines can also be fitted with a lifting hook to the rear of the excavation bucket in order to perform:


  • Lifting duties connected with the excavation, i.e. lifting pipes etc into the trench/hole being excavated, and
  • As a crane around the site.


Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Inclined Hoist

Inclined Hoist

These hoists usually comprise a bucket or belt hoist and are normally found on building sites. They can also be found in factories or on docks and can be fixed or mobile.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Jack

Jack

Jacks can be hydraulic or ratchet. Trolley type jacks are mainly used in garages for car service.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Loading Shovel with Back Actor

Loading Shovel with Back Actor

This is essentially a tractor with a bucket fitted to the front and a back actor or excavator fitted to the rear. Normally diesel powered and purpose built, they are commonly used on building/construction sites, road repairs, etc.

 

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Loading Shovel

Loading Shovel

Used mainly in the construction and quarry industries for handling bulk materials, they can also be found in factories for handling scrap, foundry sand, etc. Loading shovels can be either wheel or crawler mounted and are normally diesel-powered.

 

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER

Lorry Loading Crane

Lorry Loading Crane

These cranes are powered by a hydraulic pump driven from the truck. There are no lifting chains or ropes fitted to the crane but instead they use a hook fastened at the end of the jib to which 'lifting accessories' may be fitted. Sections of the jib articulate and slew, allowing the crane to load/unload items over the load carrying area. The crane is bolted directly to the truck chassis and the truck is fitted with outriggers for stability when the crane is in use.
 
Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Man Basket

Man Basket

These are attached to a crane hook or supported by fork truck forks and used for lifting maintenance persons to work on bridges, power lines, cranes, etc.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Manual Platform Lift Truck

Manual Fork or Platform Lift Truck

Principally found in factories, they are similar to a powered fork lift truck but with manual operation, either by hydraulic ram or wire rope winch to raise the forks or platform.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Manual Gantry Crane

Manual Gantry Crane

The frame consists of a runway track with two ‘A’ frames and four wheels on the bottom to make it portable. The frames are usually fitted with a manual chain block on either a manual or geared trolley, which can be separate or integral. They are often used by maintenance staff to straddle a machine under repair in order to remove heavy components, or as engine hoists in garages.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Mobile Elevating Work Platforms

Mobile Elevating Work Platform

There are several types of elevating work platform; from the single one-man ‘beanstalk’ to the large scissor-type platform that will carry several people. These can be self-propelled or manually pulled into place. Additionally, there are truck and van-mounted types used by local authorities for changing bulbs in street lighting columns, for example.
 
Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Mobile Crane

Mobile Crane

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Mobile Crane with Grab

Mobile Crane with Grab

These cranes are usually track-mounted and are used for unloading gravel barges/ships on small wharfs, unloading grain ships and loading trucks in quarries. They are also occasionally found in coal yards where they tend to be mounted on wheels.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Motor Vehicle Lifting Table - Four Post

Mobile Crane with Grab

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Motor Vehicle Lifting Table - Two Post

Loading Shovel

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Order Picker

Order Picker

These can be found in warehouses and storage areas where items are palletised. Typically, the operator is close to the goods being lifted, affording greater accuracy.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Overhead Travelling Crane (Electric)

Order Picker

They can be found in factories and used to move parts under manufacture around the workshop. Modern cranes are normally either I beam or steel box bridge section, either single or twin. However, lattice bridge construction cranes are still to be found on older premises.

Typical cranes have capacities ranging from 1 to 250 ton, and spans range from 15 to 200 feet. Larger capacity cranes often have a smaller capacity auxiliary hoist as well as the main hoist. All are electrically-driven and operated by cab, pendant, radio or computer.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Overhead Travelling Crane (Manual)

Overhead Travelling Crane (Manual)

Cranes of this type are usually found in older factories and areas where they would have infrequent use, such as the maintenance crane in a pumping station. Many original examples have had their lifting operations converted to electric by removing the manual crab and adding an electric travelling rope or chain block.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Pallet Truck

Pallet Truck

As the name implies, these trucks have forks that slip under palletised items so that they can be lifted just clear of the floor and then moved. The trucks have a typical lift height of about 6 inches and can be manual, hydraulic or electrically powered.

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER

Passenger Lift

Passenger Lift

The size and complexity of passenger lifts vary, from simple machines with manual doors to high speed fully automatic lifts with computer controls. All passenger lifts have landing buttons used to call the lift and control panels in the car used by lift attendants or passengers to control its destination.

Other types of lift include:

  • Electric goods and passenger lift (usually of larger capacity and not usually computer controlled)
  • Electric goods lift (intended for goods only and without the in car controls)
  • Home lift (found in homes for domestic use. Also found in some residential care homes and occasionally small hotels)
  • Service lift (electrically powered or manually operated by the use of a continuous rope, they are used in hotels and factory stores for transporting food/small parts between floors)
  • Hydraulic goods and passenger lift (similar in use to the electric, version but powered by a hydraulic ram)
  • Hydraulic passenger lift (similar in use to the electric version, but powered by a hydraulic ram which can be directly mounted or indirectly via a system of ropes or chains)


Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Patient Hoists

Patient Hoists

These are normally found in nursing homes, care homes, hospitals, etc, and can take many forms.
 
Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Pedestal Crane (Electric)

Pedestal Crane (Electric)

These cranes are mainly used at docksides. They are usually fixed at the base, but can be rail-mounted. As with portal cranes, their use is diminishing with the advent of containerisation. All types are electrically powered from a trailing cable, and typical capacities range from 1 to 10 tons.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Portal Crane

Portal Crane

The main area of use for this type of crane is loading and unloading ships on docksides. They have a constant safe working load for all radii, are rail-mounted and electric-driven with the electricity supplied by a trailing cable.

With the advent of containerisation, their use has become mainly limited to small ports, but can still be found at larger ports performing grabbing duties for grain/coal-handling. An average size crane would be 5 ton capacity with a jib length of 100 feet.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Rope Blocks

Rope Blocks

A rope block consists of two side plates with a hook on top and sheaves in the centre. There can be a single sheave, or up to six sheaves and they are reeved with fibre rope or steel rope to provide a lifting machine.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Runway Track

Runway Track

These are used extensively in factories, mounted directly over machinery to assist with their operations. They are usually made from a rolled steel joist or beam and fixed to roof trusses, or mounted on special steel work. They provide support for travelling lifting machines, such as manual or electric travelling rope or chain blocks.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Scaffold Jib Crane

Scaffold Jib Crane

These cranes are used mainly in the building industry for lifting building materials to the higher levels. They are designed to be attached to scaffolding and are normally engine-driven.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Sheer Legs

Sheer Legs

A temporary structure for supporting a lifting machine, normally a manual or powered chain block. They are often used over an excavation.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Ship-Shore Container Crane

Ship-Shore Container Crane

These cranes are used on the dockside for loading/unloading container ships. In effect, they are an electric overhead crane mounted on legs. The legs have ‘rail bogies’ mounted on the bottom to provide the crane with lateral movement. The ship end of the overhead track (left part of the diagram) rises to allow the ship to pass underneath. The containers are attached to the crane using a special frame which is lowered and locked onto their tops.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Shower Trolley

Shower Trolley

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Stairlift

Stairlift

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Straddle Carrier

Straddle Carrier

These were originally used in timber yards for carrying large stacks of timber. With the advent of containerisation, their main use now is container handling and stacking on docks and in container bases inland. They are normally diesel powered, with the hoist rope winches powered electrically from a generator.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Suspended Access Equipment

Suspended Access Equipment

This equipment is associated with high rise buildings and comprises a roof-mounted track and support structure with an accompanying cradle. They can be manual or electrically powered and are normally used by window cleaners and painters. Installations can be permanent or temporary.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Swing Jib Crane (Pillar/Wall)

Swing Jib Crane (Pillar/Wall)

As the name implies, the crane consists of a jib mounted on a pivot bearing so that it swings through an ark and is either mounted on a pillar or wall. The jib is then fitted with a lifting machine, usually an electric or manual chain block and trolley. They are generally found in factories, mounted near to or on a machine tool to provide assistance with loading.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Telehandler

Telehandler

These machines, generally used on construction sites, are mounted on a rough terrain type chassis and are normally diesel powered. Instead of a vertical lift mast, they use a telescopic jib with no slewing arrangement, giving the jib greater outward and upward reach.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Tool Balancer

Swing Jib Crane (Pillar/Wall)

Appropriate Legislation - PUWER

Tower Crane (Luffing)

Stairlift

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Tower Crane (Saddle Jib)

Tower Crane (Saddle Jib)

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Tower Crane (Self Erecting)

Tower Crane (Self Erecting)

These cranes are similar saddle/derrick type tower crane, but of smaller capacity. The base is fitted with wheels - either in the form of a trailer or on a truck chassis - to make them mobile. Truck-mounted cranes tend to be used for one-off lifts, while the trailer-mounted ones are used semi-permanently on small, low-rise developments.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Travelling Chain Block (Manual)

Travelling Chain Block (Manual)

These are used extensively in factories and warehouses and are supported by a fixed runway track or manual gantry. Whilst they are made with capacities up to 10 ton, most are limited these days to smaller loads. The manual chain block is bolted to the travelling trolley which generally forms a permanent union with the track.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Trolley

Trolley

Trolleys usually have four wheels and are used on runway tracks to suspend chain blocks. They allow the block to run freely along the length of the runway track.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Vehicle Tailboard Lifts

Vehicle Tailboard Lifts

These lifts are mounted at the rear of road vehicles and can be lowered from tailboard height to the ground to enable easy loading and unloading at sites where no vehicle docking exists. They can be electric or hydraulically powered.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Wheelchair Lift

Wheelchair Lift

Fitted to vehicles to allow easy access via the side or rear doors.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Winch (Powered or Manual)

Winch (Powered or Manual)

Winches, both manual and powered, can be used where heavy item are to be moved either vertically or horizontally. Powered winches can be electric or pneumatic and capacities can range up to several hundred ton.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER

Workhandler

Workhandler

These machines assist operators to load work pieces onto machines.

Appropriate Legislation - LOLER


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